As a United Nations mandate for the last border crossing for aid into northwestern Syria is nearing expiration, dozens of aid groups Tuesday urged the UN Security Council to renew the resolution.
The Bab al-Hawa crossing on the border between northern Syria and southern Turkey is the only one through which UN relief can be brought into the opposition-held Idlib region without navigating areas controlled by the Syrian regime.
But many fear the crossing will close to UN trucks from July 10, because Russia, an ally of the Bashar Assad regime, has threatened to use its Security Council veto power to block the resolution’s renewal.
The resolution was last extended in January for six months.
“The magnitude of the crisis demands the reauthorization of cross-border assistance for a minimum of 12 months,” an open letter to the Security Council signed by aid groups including the International Rescue Committee, Norwegian Refugee Council and Save the Children said.
“Anything less would signal to Syrians that the Council is willing to accept unnecessary suffering and loss of life,” the letter added.
Observers say Russia is using the threat of closure of the aid entry point as a bargaining chip in the face of punishing European Union and US sanctions over Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine.
Russia has argued aid can instead transit via regime-controlled parts of the country across conflict lines.
But aid groups have been reluctant to shift their massive operations to go through areas held by the regime of Bashar Assad, itself subject to sanctions.
Nearly 10,000 trucks loaded with humanitarian aid passed through the Bab al-Hawa crossing last year bound for the Idlib region, the last opposition bastion in Syria and home to around three million people.
Should aid cease, more parents will be “forced to choose between skipping meals or sending their children to work; more girls forced into early marriage to provide income for food; and more children forced out of school,” the letter said.
Idlib continues to suffer from the Assad regime and its backer Russia. Both are determined to recapture the last opposition stronghold and normalize political relations with regional countries, particularly within the scope of steps already taken with several Arab countries.
The Idlib region is home to nearly 3 million people, two-thirds of them displaced from other parts of the country.
Nearly 75% of the total population in the opposition-held Idlib region depends on humanitarian aid to meet their basic needs, as 1.6 million people continue to live in camps or informal settlements, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said.
For years, the Assad regime has ignored the needs and safety of the Syrian people, only eyeing further gains of territory and crushing the opposition. With this aim, the regime has for years bombed civilian facilities such as schools, hospitals and residential areas, causing the displacement of almost half of the country’s population.
Frequent bombings and shelling have put nearly 50% of health facilities out of service, just as the Syrian people need them the most amid the coronavirus pandemic. Living in overcrowded tent camps or even out in the open in safe areas near the Turkish border, many are struggling to meet even basic needs.